Murraya paniculata, commonly called orange jessamine or Chinese box is a tropical evergreen plant with small, white sweet scented flowers. It is native to southern China, the Indian sub-continent, south-eastern Asia and northern Australia. Murraya paniculata is grown as an ornamental tree or a hedge. It is closely related to citrus.
Murraya paniculata is a shrub growing up to about 6 m tall. The plant starts flowering in mid summer in Sydney.
Flowers are terminal and grouped together into corymb (an inflorescence which appears to be flat-topped). The flower is made up of 5 green sepals, 5 white free petals, 10 stamens in two whorls and a pistil.
Murraya paniculata is grown in honey bee farms. The flowers attract bees. The nectar and pollen grains serve as food for the honey bee. The plant also serves as wind break. The honey produced has a tangy sweet orange undertone.
Murraya paniculata is cultured as an ornamental tree or hedge because of its hardiness, tolerant to a wide of pH range of soil and the plant is evergreen and can be pruned easily.
Traditionally, Murraya paniculata is used both in traditional medicine as an analgesic and for timber (eg for tool handles).