Lophostemon confertus (formerly known as Tristania conferta) is an evergreen tree native to Australia. Common names include brush box, Queensland box, etc. Its natural range in Australia is from north-east New South Wales to coastal Queensland.
Brush box has a denser foliage and hence provides more shade than eucalyptus. It is also disease and pest resistant. Brush box is commonly used as a street tree in cities like Sydney. It can also tolerate drought and poor drainage. Brush box can survive lopping and pruning well to accommodate overhead power lines.
The leaves are glossy and simple. They alternate on mature branches, crowded together in groups of about 3-5 at the ends of branchlets. The leaves may reach 13 cm long.
The flowers are borne profusely among new foliage at the branch tips in late spring and summer. They are creamy-white with 5 petals and numerous stamens fused into 5 bundles. The flowers are fragrant.
The flowers are followed by round seed pods, rather like the gum nuts borne by Eucalyptus. These hang on the branches all year.