The Four Great Masters of Yuan Dynasty (元四大家)
Huang Gongwang (黄公望) (1269–1354), Wu Zhen (吳鎮) (1280-1354), Ni Zan (倪瓚) (1301–1374) and Wang Meng (王蒙) (c1308 – 1385) were known as ‘The Four Great Masters of Yuan Dynasty’ (元四大家). They mostly painted on paper instead of on silk. Their painting styles and brushstrokes greatly affected the latter artists throughout centuries.
Huang Gongwang (黄公望) (1269–1354) (Zi: Zi Jiu, 子久, Hao: Dao Chi 大痴, Yifeng Daoren 一峰道人, original name: Lu Jian 陸堅). He was born in Pingjiang Lu (平江路), Changshu Zhou (常熟州), now Changshu (常熟市), Jiangsu Province (江蘇省).
Huang Gongwang was famous for his hemp-fibre ts’un (披麻皴) and alum rock ts’un (礬頭皴).
Wu Zhen (吳鎮) (1280-1354) was born in Jiaxing (嘉興), Zhejiang (浙江).
Wu Zhen was also famous for his hemp-fibre ts’un (披麻皴).
Ni Zan (倪瓚) (1301–1374) (Zi: 元鎮, Hao: 雲林) was born in Wuxi (無錫), Zhejiang Province (浙江省).
Ni Zan was famous for his bent ribbon ts’un (折帶皴).
Wang Meng (王蒙) (c1308 – 1385) (Zi: Shūmíng 叔明, Hao: Xiāngguāng Jushi 香光居士, Huang He Shan Qiao 黄鶴山樵). He was born in Wuxing (吳興), now known as Huzhou (湖州), Zhejiang Province (浙江省).
Wang Meng was famous for his ox-hair ts’un (牛毛皴) and loosened-rope ts’un (解索皴)
Some Other Great Masters of Yuan Dynasty’ (其他元朝大家)
Gao Kegong (高克恭) (1248-1310), Zhao Mengfu (趙孟頫) (1254–1322), Cao Zhibai (曹知白), Fang Congyi (方從義) and Sheng Mao (盛懋) are a few of the great masters of landscape painting in the Yuan Dynasty.